Group 1 Summary: Visiting Edinburgh Castle and Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Nick Finnegan from Edinburgh Castle welcomed the LIPI delegation to enter Edinburgh Castle. Nick Finnegan explained about the history of the Castle and the annual number of visitors which is around 1.7 million. The King and Queen of Scotland used to live in the Castle. Promotion of the Castle was done by the government as well as the history behind it. The Castle got the funding from the government and self funding to maintain the collection.
The next lecture was held at The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE). It is a scientific centre for the study of plants, their diversity and conservation, as well as a popular tourist attraction. Originally founded in 1670 as a physics garden to grow medicinal plants, today it occupies four sites across Scotland – Edinburgh, Dawyck, Logan and Benmore – each with its own specific collection. The RBGE’s living collection consists of more than 13,302 plant species, (34,422 accessions) whilst the herbarium contains 3 million preserved specimens. The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh is an executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government. The Edinburgh site is the main garden and the headquarters of the public body, which is led by Regius Keeper, Simon Milne.
The RBGE uses online database and cataloguing to provide information accessible around the world. The Glasshouse is a particular highlight, starting at the Victorian Temperate Palm House dating back to 1858. It is also one of the tallest traditional palm houses ever built. The Garden has 10 magnificent Glasshouses, each representing a different climatic zone, from steamy tropics to arid desert, and are home to 3,000 exotic plants from around the world including a 200-year-old palm tree.
We also discovered the serenity of the Chinese Hillside, explored the world-famous Rock Garden or strolled amongst the awe-inspiring Giant Redwood trees in the Woodland Garden. In addition, there were fine artworks to view in the Garden’s contemporary art gallery Inverleith House.
Muhammad Bima Atmaja
Siti Roosita Ariati
Delicia Yunita Rahman
Training news – Field trip and comparative study
The morning of day 9 was dedicated to visiting the Edinburgh Castle to learn about the castle management, collection display and special exhibitions. There are many exhibitions to explore within the Castle. By collaborating with some sectors, for example military army, the castle has special events and exhibitions as comparative studies for curatorial competencies training.
The Afternoon session was dedicated to visit the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh to learn more about cataloguing, digitalis database, labelling, display and special exhibition at garden. The field work was facilitated by a researcher and a taxonomist from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
I Putu Gede Parlida Damayanto (RC for Biology/Botany)
Ina Erlinawati (RC for Biology/Botany)
Dewi Citra Murniati (RC for Biology/Botany)
Lisman Suryanegara (RC for Biomaterial)
Field trip to Edinburgh Castle started at 09.00 AM. We were greeted by Mr. Simon and Mrs. Elizabeth, staffs of Edinburgh Castle. Edinburgh castle is located in the center of Edinburgh, on top of a hill. During the Wars of Independence, the castle changed hands many times. It was retaken from the English in a daring night raid by Thomas Randolph. The castle was home to kings and queens in the past. The Stone of Destiny, on which kings were enthroned for centuries, was returned to Scotland and is displayed in the Crown Room. Parts are still a military base, but the castle is now a world-famous visitor attraction and a key element of the Edinburgh World Heritage Site. There are some interesting places inside of the Edinburgh Castle e.g. (1) The Great Hall, its walls echoed to the sound of royal celebrations and ceremonies; (2) The Royal Palace; (3) The Stone of Destiny; (4) Crown Jewels; (5) St. Margaret’s Chapel: (6) National War Museum; (7) Prison of War; (8) Regimental Museum; etc. The most precious thing of whole is the originality of the heritage. There are so many historical things placed in specific room that represent the history of a person or event.
After we visited the Castle of Edinburgh, we went to the Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh. The lectures were given by Simon Milne, Peter Wilkie, Mark Huges and Pete Hollingsworth. From the lesson that have been given today in the Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh (RBGE), I get a lot of knowledge of Botany, especially in taxonomy and horticultural research. Insights on public engagement strategies and awareness raising push and pull factors also has been get by Peter Wilkie and Mark Hughes’s presentation in this afternoon. In the fieldtrip, I went to the library which has a lot of books about botany which have barcodes so the book can be found easily. Sample and specimen handling are explained by Peter Wilkie. Preservation techniques are also presented by Peter, how the samples from the field are preserved by alcohol or dried immediately after collected on field to produce the beautiful herbarium. Cataloging, database and documentation are also explained by Peter Wilkie and Sadie. In RBGE, there are two kinds of databases that are BGdatabase for herbarium and living collection. Inside the garden, there are many collections that are grouped based on the ecosystem. For example the palms in the palm house represent the tropical ecosystem and the tufa house represents the subtropical ecosystem. All of those ecosystems are made as similar as possible to the natural one.
Debora Christin Purbani
Septiani Dian Arimukti
October 3rd 2016
09.00 – 17.00
In the morning we visited Edinburgh Castle. This building is the most historical place in Scotland. First, Nick Finnigan, the executive manager of the castle, greeted us and gave a brief introduction about the castle. The introduction was then followed by discussion.
Training session at RBGE was first opened by the Regius Keeper of Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE), Simon Milne. He talked about the general information of RBGE. Furthermore, Pete Hollingsworth talked about the research activities conducted in RBGE. Based on two previous presentation, we knew that the collaboration between LIPI and RBGE researchers have been a long-standing and intimate one, so the collaboration activity will be doing in the future becomes very open and easier.
Tour of the Edinburgh Castle was guided by Elizabeth, one of the tour guides in the castle. The castle is separated into several parts, such as war memorial hall, war museum, etc. The heart of the castle is the main attraction to the visitors.
For the garden tour in RBGE we were divided into two groups. The first group was guided by Peter Wilkie and Sadie Barber. They showed some facilities in RBGE, such as the library, DNA material collection, herbarium, and greenhouse. In the library, they showed us the collection types of library, such as reference books, journals, microfilms & microfiche, etc. We were also explained about recording and categorizing collections in the library. In the DNA material and herbarium collection room, we learnt about specimen handling and management collection. In the Greenhouse, we learnt about recording, maintaining, and handling of collection. We visited two greenhouses in RBGE, that are the Glasshouse of Arabian Plants and Gesneriaceae.
The second group visited the living collection of RBGE. Every plant at the Botanic Garden has a name tag showing the scientific name of the plant and all the important information related to the plant, such as the family of the plant, place the plant come from, and the time it was brought to the botanic garden, etc. The plant exhibition can be designed in a classic way, based on their taxonomy or based on geographic. They always try to make people more engage with plants.
Yasper Michael Mambrasar
Day/date: Monday, 3 October 2016
Nick Finnigan explained to us about history of the Castle and Scottish history. He also shared about museum collections management, how to conserve the collections, establishing business case for display and exhibition, engaging donors, investors, government, and funding in financing collection. The Edinburgh Castle as national significant heritage has promoted itself by the Government of Scotland, also in collaboration with some partners including exhibition agency, tour agents, etc. The total number of visitors at the Edinburgh Castle is about 1.7 million per year. To maintain the museum and collections, they have a conservation team to conserve and preserve it with approximately 279 staffs during summer days. To meet the public engagement, Edinburgh Castle conducts some events including military pageant, music events, fireworks, etc.
After Nick gave us the overview, we were so honored since he let us enter the balcony (prohibited area) and enjoyed the scenery. Elizabeth then took us for a tour of the museum: crown room, memorial museum, the chapel, etc. We enjoyed very much the museum tour e.g. the castle architecture, scenery, the artifacts, etc.! It was like having a flash back to the iron age warriors!
We had lunch at the garden’s cafeteria. Then we were going to the garden’s office and had presentation sessions. The director of RBGE, Simon Milne welcomed us to the garden and gave us an overview of their gardens, challenges, botanical research, facilities, public engagements, collaborations, etc. RBGE occupies four sites across Scotland – Edinburgh, Dawyck, Logan and Benmore – each with its own specialist collection. The RBGE living collections consists of approximately 13.500 species, and with 960.000 visitors per year. RBGE core science works are to explore, conserve and explain of the world plants for a better future. The presentation was then continued by the Director of sciences (Dr. Pete Hollingsworth) with more details about their research projects. Some botanical researches conducted at RBGE including: forest conservation in Nepal (Flora of Nepal output), taxonomy in Indonesia (Sapotaceae, Zingiberaceae, Begonia genus, etc.), translocations in Scotland, etc. Some public engagement projects at RBGE include: edible plants festival, botanic lights, propagation learning, etc. After the presentation sessions, we had a break with coffee/tea and some cakes also informal discussions with the directors and key researchers of RBGE i.e. Peter Wilkie, Mark Hughes and Sadie Barber.
Michael and Lia as Botanists were then leading the tour of the gardens with Peter Wilkie and Sadie Barber to the research facilities and glass house, whereas Pak Dwi and Tri taking the gardens tour with Mark Hughes to the living collections outside. We were so impressed with the research facilities of RBGE and its management e.g. the library and its book collections, plant material for DNA collections, herbarium, database and cataloguing system also some of the glass houses, their thematic gardens, and its living plants. Unfortunately, we had very limited time visiting RBGE. However, we had so much fun and learnt some things today! Hopefully the knowledge can be adapted and applied to our institution particularly in Botanic gardens and Herbarium Bogoriense.