Day 6: Workshops at Robert Gordon University

Day 5: Tour of Aberdeen and Maritime Museum
September 29, 2016
Day 7: Free day – Dunnottar Castle and Stonehaven
October 1, 2016

Day 6: Workshops at Robert Gordon University

Training news

Dr. James Njuguna from the materials research Group and Dr. Christine Edwards from the Cyanosol research group of Robert Gordon University presented lectures and facilitated an interactive sessions throughout the day. The groups discussed waste, plants, animals, and microbes to identify potential sources of raw materials and products in Indonesia. A case study was provided on Superlight city car – bio-fibre reinforced composites in Automotive.


Lecture from Dr James Njuguna from material research group of Robert Gordon University


Lecture from Dr Christine Edwards from cyanosol research group of Robert Gordon University


Participants were then asked to break out into groups to discuss:

  • Industry-Academia links
  • Technology readiness level
  • Opportunities
  • How do we need to organise the industry to make it work


Discussions were then conducted on the topic of Partnerships: Opportunities and challenges (including funding)

group-breakout-session-robert-gordon-university            group-breakout-session-robert-gordon-university-2

Fieldwork & Site Observation

Participants were divided into two groups and laboratory observation were undertaken in Robert Gordon University’s Material Lab and Microalgae Lab.


Working Group Results – Summary of Group Discussion

Group 1

Awaiting summary from Group 1

Group 2

Awaiting summary from Group 2

Group 3

Members: Lisman, Dwi, Sita, Ruby, Citra

  1. Background
  • Abundance waste of empty fruit bunch oil palm
  • ± 40% cellulose content
  • Less utilization
  1. Potency:
  • Cellulose of EFBOP à biocomposite
  • Biocomposite à automobile part, aircraft interior, electronic devices case
  1. Our capabilities
  • Fermentation technology
  • Manufactured biocomposite
  • Microbes culture
  • Large decomposite area
  • Human resources
  1. Industry requirements
  • Cellulose materials in laboratorium scale
  • Biocomposite production
  1. Gaps
  • Scalling up
  • Polymerisation
  • Equipments
  • Fundings
  • Linkage to industry
  1. Investment
  • Equipment for scalling up
  • Appropriate technology for polymerisation


Session II: Capability dan Capacity Building

  1. Industrial Engagement
  2. Industry-academia link:
  3. Collaborative research with other institute, company, goverment, association/ community
  4. Making MoU
  5. Joint funding for research
  6. TRL
  7. Making prototipe
  8. Register patent
  9. Scalling up production
  10. Doing Feasibility study
  11. Market test for commercialisation
  12. Licency to industry
  13. Opportunities
  14. Raw materials is abundant
  15. Human resources
  16. Large area
  17. Many automotive industry
  18. How to organized the industry:
  19. Standardized product
  20. Branding (ecolabeling)
  21. Reducing price
  22. Environmentally friendly product
  • Partnership

Opportunities: Many automotive industry in Indonesia such as Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi

Challenge: Inquiry big budget for funding research


Group 4

Members: Euis, Ina, Prima, Yuli, Gede

Session 1 Sustainable Bamboo Cultivation for Industry (session 1)

A. Potential sources: BAMBOO

  • High diversity
  • Easy to grow, low maintenance, simple propagation
  • Short period to harvest (at least 3 years)


  • Taxonomy, cultivation, utilization, ethobotany, material characteristic
  • Local utilization, SME
  • Pulp and paper production in Lab scale and industry

C. Industry requirement:

  • Sustainable row material supply
  • Standardized raw material
  • Cosmetic and fabric industry


  • Cultivation
  • Quality assurance

E. Investment:

  • Sustainable plantation
  • Government and business engagement

Session 2 Sustainable Bamboo Cultivation for Industry (session II)

Industrial engagement:

A. Industry-Academy link:

  • Academia: Providing expertise, technology
  • Industry: Funding, manufactory
  • Local community: providing human resources
  • Government: Policy and land

B. Technology readiness level

  • Sustainable bamboo plantation (nursery) = 3−4
  • Technology bamboo composite = 6
  • Pulp and paper = 3

C. Opportunities

  • High demand for:
  1. Bamboo composite industry
  2. Handicraft industry
  3. Challenges for fabric and cosmetic industry.

D. To organize the industry to make it work

  • Capacity building
  • Establishing sustainable plantation modeling
  • Providing equipment
  • Building industry and government network


Partnership: Consortium ABCG (Academia, Business, Community, Government)



Group 5

Members: Wahyu Dwianto, Yasper Michael Mambrasar, Muhamad Muhaimin, Lia Hapsari

 Session 1 Project Title:  Utilization of oil palm trunk

  1. Potential sources of raw materials/products in Indonesia: waste of oil palm trunk after 25-30 years (not productive anymore). About 15.000 m3 per year of trunk waste is available.
  2. Capabilities: compression technology to increase its density. Product: oil palm trunk with higher density (2 times and more) which can be used for particle board, and other valuable products.
  3. Our position now – industry requirement:
  • Technology proven by lab scale prototype
  • Necessary to scale up by collaboration
  • The wood surface is not good enough
  1. Gaps:
  • Techno-economy study
  • Feasibility study
  1. Investment to close chosen gaps:
  • Equipment
  • Scale up production
  • Value addition (need improve technology for the better wood surface, etc.)
  • Technology Readiness Level (TRL)
  • Expertise
  • Market
  • Funding
  • Collaboration
  • Stakeholders (Interest, engagement)


Session 2 Industrial Engagement on Compressed Oil Palm Trunk Product

  1. Industry – Academia links

The developments need links at least four sectors i.e. Academic (Research Center), Business/industry (Oil Palm Company), Community (Farmers, labors) and Government related to national/regional policy.

  1. Technology Readiness Level (TRL):
  • Oil Palm Plantation (Potential, raw material stock)
  • Proven Technology by academic and research center of biomaterials
  • Prototype products available
  1. Opportunities
  • Product diversification from oil palm plantation
  • Benefit for Indonesia: creating jobs, income