Day 21: Shapinsay Development Trust

Day 20: Standing Stones and Orkney Museum
October 17, 2016
Day 22: Kew Royal Botanic Gardens London
October 21, 2016

Day 21: Shapinsay Development Trust

Summary Group 1

18 Oct 2016

Today we visited Shapinsay Development Trust (SDT) in Shapinsay Island, an island in the north of Kirkwall, mainland Orkney. We met Nick Thake, service manager of SDT, and had a trip in the area around the harbour and an overview about history of the island, interesting building and features, community, and activities. In the Boathouse, Nick made a talk about SDT, background, programmes, funding, plan, partnership, and opportunities.

Shapinsay Development Trust (SDT) was formed in 2003 by the residents of Shapinsay island. It is a community organization with a mission to involve the residents in helping to maintain and development the island and community based on the principles of the commonly development: empowerment, choice, responsibility, and subsidiarity. Subsidiarity drives SDT to study and measures their independence and how far the government is able to subsidise and control their living needs, decisions and development. SDT brought the community into discussion in a community meeting to explore, engage, and addressing many problems in the island, in particularly the sustainable energy.

SDT should create a responsibility to curtailment programme to explore possible use of curtailed energy for heat, low carbon marine transport, and production hydrogen as a fuel, heats, transport and power. Currently, their programme, BIGHIT, basically is building innovative green hydrogen system in an isolated territory. This programme engages 12 partnerships from across EU, funded by FCH-JU for four years. In relation with keystones of Scotlands energy future: to localize, to democratise, and to mutualise energy production and distribution, Orkney is well placed to engage those future mission. Orkney also has opportunity to pioneer technology suitable for rural and island communities, and being part of solution toward global warming. The community believes that local action can lead to big outcomes. SDT showed us how a very small community can do a big achievement by partnership.


Group 2 Summary,

Tuesday, October 18, 2016


Field Study to Shapinsay Island (08:45 – 14:00)

We gathered in front of Ferry Inn at 8:45 to get into bus going to Shapinsay Island. In the island we met Nic Thake from Shapinsay Depelopment Trust. 300 people are living on the Shapinsay Island. This community found curtailed energy and explore possibility use of curtailed energy for heat and transport. They develop collaboration with NGOs, Universities and other companies to produce Hydrogen for energy. This island become pioneer technology suitable for rural and island communities. After lunch we get in back to Kirkwall with Shapinsay Ferry and comeback to Stromness by bus.


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Group 3:

Lisman Suryanegara (RC for Biomaterial)

I Putu Gede Parlida Damayanto (RC for Biology/Botany)

Ina Erlinawati (RC for Biology/Botany)

Dewi Citra Murniati (RC for Biology/Botany)


Field Trip to Shapinsay Island

On today October  19, 2016, at 9.45 we arrived at Shapinsay Pier by Ferry boat. In there, we met Nic Thake. He explained about the Balfour village. This village inhabited by 300 residents, including 25 kids under 11 years old. This village has the biggest wooden forest in Orkney Island and give microclimate  around the forest whereas the temperature more than 40C depending in other part. Balfour village also has a public facility like Shapinsay Community School, healthy living centre and community centre.

After that, we went to Shapinsay Development Trust. Nic. Thake gave presentation to us. He explained that The Trust was formed by the residents of Shapinsay. All Shapinsay residents over the age of 18 can apply for mempbership. The Trust funded by Highland and Islands Enterprise (HIE), Lottery funded and Fuell Cells and Hydrogen (FCH). The community development consists of empowerment, choice, responsibility, subsidiarity.

There are novel project development such as wind turbin energy and hydrogen that are safe to the environment. Nic. Thake furthermore talked about community engagement  that SDT should create a responses to Curtailment programme to explore possible use of curtailed energy for heat, low carbon marine transport, production of hydrogen for fuel cell/heating/transport/power. For wind turbine, phase 1 funded complete, but not successful in obtaining phase 2 funding. BIGH2IT (Building Innovative Green Hydrogen systems in an Isolated Territory) is a pilot for Europe. They have 12 partners from across the EU, funded by FCH-JU. They have implemented in Shapinsay Community School. Nic also explained about keystones of Scotland’s energy future that are to localise, democratise, mutualise energy production and distribution and Orkney is well placed to engage with that keystones so the Trust can be as pioneer technology which is suitable for rural and island communities.

After the presentation, we had lunch at Smithy café, then go back to Kirkwall by Ferry boat and then travel back to Stromness.



Group 4 Summary


  1. Euis Hermiati
  2. Debora Christin Purbani
  3. Septiani Dian Arimukti
  4. Muhamad Muhaimin

Visit to Shapinsay Development Trust, at Shapinsay

October 18th 2016

Orkney Islands, Scotland

Today we took a bus and a boat to visit Shapinsay Island. Shapinsay is a small, low-lying island just a few miles north east of Kirkwall in Orkney. The green and fertile island of Shapinsay is just 30 minutes by ferry from Kirkwall. Tradition has it that this little isle was home to banished thieves and witches but now it is the haunt of cormorants, kittiwakes and seals. The main settlement is Balfour village, built in the late 18th century as a home for smiths, carpenters and masons employed on the Balfour estate. Balfour Castle is open to visitors in the summer.

Nic Thake from Shapinsay Development Trust took us around from the ferry harbour to his office, called the Boathouse. The Trust was formed by the residents of Shapinsay. Its role in the greater scheme of things is to be the vehicle through which the islanders can collectively help to maintain and improve their lives on the beautiful, peaceful island of Shapinsay.

In the Boathouse we discussed about Building Innovative Green Hydrogen system in an isolated territory, which is a pilot for Europe.  The objective of the project is to expand the surf and turf model, including establishing Shapinsay community turbine, the use hydrogen for heating local public buildings, and installing a hydrogen refuelling station in Kirkwall and 10 fuel cell vehicles.

After having lunch at Smithy Cafe at Shapinsay we traveled back to Stromness for writing reports and preparing presentation.




  1. Wahyu Dwianto
  2. Tri Haryoko
  3. Lia Hapsari
  4. Yasper Michael Mambrasar

Day/date: Tuesday, 18 October 2016

Today we have conducted field trip at Shapinsay Island, departed at 9.45 and safely arrived at 10.10. At the pier, we met Nic Thake from Shapinsay Development Trust. Then, Nic gave us tour of the Balfour Village on the way to the Boathouse (Shapinsay Development Trust Center). Some visited places including the Gatehouse owned by David Balfour. It was public house/lounge bar. Unfortunately, the gate is sealed up in 1960 until today. The magnificent Balfour Castle is lied behind the Gatehouse (we can only saw it outside the gate). Later, we were moving to the settlements with gardens and storage house community school, community center and healthy living center.


Shapinsay is settled by 300 people. It is a sustainable village and island community. It is already self-sufficient in energy (wind-turbines). The community of Shapinsay has their own empowerment, choice, responsibility and subsidiary for local development. They developed recycling waste for green environment, gardens for their own foods and bio-gas from livestock.



At the Boathouse, Nic was present the development of Shapinsay and its local resources. He shared to us the planning project called BIG HIT (Building Innovative Green Hydrogen in Isolated Territories) which is Shapinsay become the pilot site for Europe scale. The project is funded by 12 partners from European Union with objectives including expand the Surf and Turf model to include Shapinsay community turbine, use hydrogen for heating local public buildings, install a hydrogen refueling station in Kirkwall and 10 fuel cell vehicles. This project is great opportunity for Shapinsay to pioneer technology suitable for rural and island communities. Hydrogen technology is renewable energy that may solve global warming issue, at least in local scale in which can lead to big outcomes.


After the presentation, we were having lunch at the Smithy Café – Balfour. After lunch we were then travel back by ferry to Kirkwall, then to Stromness.