GROUP 2 SUMMARY REPORT
Today we have two activities: learning the management of environmental services in Fjords Processing and fieldwork to study bird nesting and identification in the mainland.
Our trip starts early in the morning heading to Houton and taking Ferry to Flotta Island for about 30 minutes. Flotta is an island in the southern part of Orkney Islands, lying in Scapa Flow, this island is an oil terminal running by Repsol Sinopec Resources UK, which renamed into Talisman Sinopec.
Welcomed by Ms. Lorraine Peterson, we headed to emergency building where we had a Safety induction with expectation to comply health, safety and environmental issues.
We were then escorted by Mr Owen Robinson to Fjords Processing Ltd. Fjords Processing is a company providing services for oil and gas, produced water and seawater, which aims to minimise costs to the operator and maximise production efficiency and financial return.
Participants were divided into 3 groups to visit facilities in this Research and Training Centre. The centre is equipped to simulate physical modelling and ecotoxicology testing.
Mr. Robert explaining risk assessment of chemical use and fluids discharges, including environmental modelling, and interpretation to the regulatory implications. The ecotoxicological testing aims to determine chemical effects on marine, freshwater and sediment-dwelling organisms, in-line with OSPAR (Oslo and Paris Conventions) recommendations. This includes bioaccumulation and biodegradation studies.
After lunch time we went to RSPB Hobbister, Dr. Garreth Davis and Miss Allison Skene explained about restoration of peat land and peat cutting management. In Orkney The brewery company exploites peat and it is usually burned and used to make fragrance for whisky. The exploitations in peatland make the land to be rocky land and disturbing habitat for plants, birds, and otter. The restoration programme was initiated by community by replanting the rocky land.
The Rocky land in Hobbister peatland.
Dr. Garreth Davis explained about peat cutting management
The restoration of peat land
Afer visited The RSPB Hobbister we went to Barnhouse to observed water birds there. Barnhouse was build by community to monitor population and biodiversity of water birds. In the barnhouse we can find the information about biodiversity of ducks, geese and swans. We can fill the field note there so we can study and monitore the birds population.
GROUP 3 SUMMARY REPORT
October 14th 2016
Visit to Flota Island and Ecology field trip
At 8.00 am we arrived to the Flota Island with small ferry but has high speed. First, we went to the Repsol Sinopec (Talisman-Sinopec) company. We met Lorraine Peterson, Brenda, Robert, and Sinclair. Alan and Peter Long also accompany us. Repsol Sinopec is an oil and gas exploration and production company operating in the North Sea. Specialize in unlocking the potential of existing North Sea fields to maximize safe recovery and extend the life of the UK. UK Oil Company, especially in Scotland has a good responsibility for addressing the adverse effects of environment from offshore oil exploitation. The responsibility shown by the availability of laboratory e.g. aquatic toxicology laboratories. This laboratory is the study of the effects of manufactured chemicals and other anthropogenic and natural materials and activities on aquatic organisms at various levels of organization, from subcellular through individual organisms to communities and ecosystems. This field of study includes freshwater, marine water and sediment environments. Common tests include standardized acute and chronic toxicity tests. These tests measure endpoints such as survival, growth, reproduction, that are measured at each concentration in a gradient, along with a control test.
They have water, alga, fish, plankton, and amphipod testing and ecotoxicology laboratories. Laboratory studies are conducted with algae, Daphnia magna, Coruphium velutator, and sheephead fish. At least 7 species algae was used for ecotoxicology test include sea and fresh water algae. Coruphium velutator (amphipod) is the sediment dwelling organisms was collected in the shore around the Orkney Island. The habitat of this amphipod on 85% DO, pH 7.5-8.5, and temperature 15ºC. Daphnia magna is fresh water plankton.
Next, we go to the some places for ecology filed trip. We back to the Main land with small ferry again. First location for ecology filed trip is Hobbister peat cutting site. In this place, we learn peat cutting management. Gereth and Aice accompany us for this trip. Aquatera is very concern with rehabilitation of peat site in Oekney Islands. Need more than 10 years to make successful rehabilitation of this site. Hobbister is one of the best places for wildlife in the Orkney Islands. This reserve is a magical mixture of land and sea, from sea cliffs to saltmarsh, from moorland to sandflats.
After that, we went to Dingies Howe and St. Peters Pool. This sites are sheltered intertidal area, sand dune system. We saw beautiful beach with white sand hillock. On top of the sandy hillock known as Dingy’s Howe there is covered by grass. Then we went to Gloup. Gloup is collapsed cave in the rough seas. Next we went to the Barnhouse, the hide-house for bird watching. We saw some bird species such as wild duck, white geese, etc.
GROUP 4 SUMMARY REPORT
Visit to FJORDS Processing at Flotta, Ecology and Ornitology Field Trip, Lecture on Biodiveristy in Orkney at Stromness.
October 14th 2016
Orkney Islands, Scotland
Eraly in the morning, we took a bus and a boat to Flotta to visit FJORDS Processing. Lorraine Peterson accompanied us to the company. We were introduced to Sarah Finn, Owen Robinson and Lyndon who led us in company tour. We were divided into three groups for tour in the company, and each group could learn what they do at the company. FJORDS Processing provides environmental services, especially for oil and gas companies that have in shore or off shore exploration sites. Among the services are chemical registration (regulatory consultancy support, ecotoxicology studies – acute and chronic, environmental fate studies – marine and fresh water, GLP accreditation and ISO 9001:2015 complience, training programmes), whole effluent assessment (toxicity profile to 3 trophic levels, in-house supply of marine cultures, enabling delivery of excellent turn around items, and environmental modelling (build a risk map with specific location and environmental conditions, identify substances causing greater harm, quantify the environmental benefits of any process changes.
In the afternoon we had ornithology/ecology field trip to RSPB Hobbister (management of peat cutting), Dingies Howe (sheltered intertidal area, sand dune system), Mull Head local nature reserve (rough seas, collapse cave) and Barnhouse Bird Hide (wintering water fowl), accompanied by Gareth Davies, Alice, and Jude from Aquatera.
RSPB Hobbister is one of nature reserve at Orkney. The circular walk of about two miles is an hour’s walk along an uneven peat track, trough the moorland and along the cliff-top path overlooking Scapa Flow. Hobbister is owned by the Edrington Group, who cut peat here, using it to flavor the world famous highland park whisky. The habitat is restored once the peat is cut.
Mull Head local nature reserve extends to about 160 ha of sea cliffs, maritime heath and grassland. It was designated as a local nature reserve by Orkney Island Council in 1993, due to its ecological, archaelogical and geological interest. Here we also saw the Gloup, a sea cave, which has partially collapsed on the landward side, allowing a superb view down the chasm to the sea.
Barnhouse village is the reconstruction of the lower parts of the walls of a small village which stood on a point of land on the Harray loch. Just a few meters beyond this is a bird conservation hide where many different water birds can be seen on the loch.
After that we followed classroom lecture in Stromness by Gareth Davies. We discussed about biodiveristy at Orkney, including locations of biodiversity, , approaches to protect biodiversity, and the role of biosphere reserves in promoting biodiversity.
Later in the evening we had cultural activity with local community and enjoyed the perfomance of traditional musicians at the Ferry Inn.
GROUP 5 SUMMARY REPORT
Day/date: Monday, 14 October 2016
At 7.00 o’clock in the morning we were getting ready to go to Flotta Island by boat. The waves were so rough, but it was fun travel, felt like in a roller coaster! Then, we’re going to the Fjords Processing and met Lorraine Peterson. Fjords Processing supply the broad range of aquatic toxicity studies for chemical registration (using bio-indicators: algal, crustacean, zooplankton, fish species, etc.), Risk Based Approach (RBA) assessments using modelling program, also technologies of reliable oil separation for greenfield projects, etc. Lab tours were guided by Sarah Finn, Owen Robinson, Lyndon Sinclair, Rhona Garloch, Brenda Hudson, Jamie, Mark, etc.).
After visiting Fjords Processing at Flotta Island, we were coming back to the mainland for next visit to Hobbister (guided by Garreth and Allice. Hobbister is owned by the Edrington Group, who cut peat to flavor Scottish brewery. About ten years ago Aquatera, RSPB and other parties were conducted trials to restore the habitat (cut peat land) using several treatment combination of e peat, jute net, fertilizer, mulch and grass seed. Today’s monitoring showed better condition. The heather, mosses and other vegetation already covered the peat, and hopefully the peat will start to restore.
Then, we were moved to Dingies Howe. It was sheltered intertidal area ans sand dune system. The wind at the coast was so rough about 25 miles per hour. It was so fun, standing hard at the coast after all.
Next destination was to Mull Head and The Gloup. The Gloup is a collapsed sea cave in the Mull Head Nature Reserve. The cave is separated from the rough sea by a land bridge about 80 m wide. It is approximately 40 m long and 25 m deep.
It was our last visit destination for today. At Barnhouse Village we can see the neolithicum site which presumably as ceremonial landscape linked to the stands of Stennes and the ring of Brodgar. Find at Barnhouse included many pieces of grooved ware potteries. From the Barnhouse Village, there is a pathway directed to Barnhouse bird hide for bird watching activities. About three species of birds were identified including Mute Swan, Tufted Duck and Slavonian Grebe.