Day 17: ICIT-led Workshops

Day 16: ICIT-led workshop
October 10, 2016
Day 18: Fieldwork at Hammars Hill wind farm, SME, Scotrenewables and Orkney College
October 13, 2016

Day 17: ICIT-led Workshops

Group 1 Summary

In the morning we have a field trip to shoreline near Ness Battery with Peter Long, Andrew Want and Michael Bell. We learned about rocky shore ecology on Ness Battery shoreline where the wave and tide had a potency as renewable energy.

Workshop I: Rocky Shore Ecology by Andrew Want

In field trip, Andrew explained about the rocky shore type of habitat with a wave and tidal effect to learn about the indicator species in that special habitat. Typical algae, fucus (macroalgae), barnacle, cocolith, limpet (patellidae) grow very well in Orkney, due to the cold temperature. Ecology assessment is needed in order to monitor the effect of marine renewable energy device to the environment. On rocky shores, energy exposure is the dominant factor in determining species composition and zonation. Indicator spesies for energy change should be distinguished from climate change in order to assess the effect of renewable energy device. Conservation is needed to prevent species lost because environmental alteration.

Workshop II: Seafood Security by Angela Carper

In this session, Angela describing about potential threat to seafood security including:

  1. Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)
  2. Ciguatera Food Poisoning (CFP)
  3. Anthropogenic Pollutant

HABs can secrete tumor promoting compound associated with fibropapillomatosis in green turtle and dinoflagellate toxin in green turtle and manates. HABs can cause fish mortality due to hypoxia. Algal bloom phenomenon could occur because the rich nutrition on water body due to excess of fertilizer used on farm. Lack of public awareness and no reporting procedure lead to HABs outbreak.

CFP is caused by toxin released from microalgae. This toxin is accumulates along the food chain, the bigger the fish, the greater the accumulation of toxin.  Several symptoms for CFP are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, numbness, vertigo and in severe case can also result in cold allodynia, which is a burning sensation on contact with cold.

Anthropogenic pollutant including microplastic, heavy metals, antibiotics and pesticides.The microplastic can be reduce through recycling the waste, heavy metals through waste water management, and using antibiotics and pesticides as prescribed.

Workshop III: Sustainable Fisheries by Michael Bell

Sustainable practices are meet the needs of the present without comprimising the needs of the future. Fisheries not only about food, but also employment, recreation, trade, ecosystems and socio-economic well being. Fisheries sustainability talk about:

  1. Target stock
  2. Continued indefinitely
  3. Marine ecological benefit and abundance
  4. Marine diversity
  5. Conducted in socially and economically

Marine Stewardship Council encourage sustainable fishing practices with three principles:

  1. Fish stock
  2. Minimizing environmental impact
  3. Effective management
Workshop IV: Planning for Marine Invasive and Non-Native Species by Joanne S Porter

Invasive and Non-native spesies (INNS) could be introduced because the sea traffic. Public awareness is needed to deal with this problem. Legal aspect for this planning is CBD, Ramsar Convention and UN convention on the law of the sea. In terms of renewable energy, the device and the structure that will be placed must be withstand this problem.


Group 2 Summary:

There are 4 series workshop about living marine resources.

Starting the day field trip to Ness Point lecturing by Andrew Want about marine ecology and biodiversity.

Returning back to Stromness and we had 4 series workshop ;

  • 1. Rocky shore ecology

Facilitated by Andrew Want

He explained about rocky shore ecology in term of rocky shore as an agent that force the changing of climate and energy. On rocky shores, energy exposure is the dominant factor in determining species composition and zonation, the other factors are substrate, topography, latitude, salinity, community composistion, tide timing, and temperature.

  • 2. Seafood Security

Facilitated by Dr. Angela Capper

She explained about: harmful algal blooms that impact on trophic transfer of toxins in marine organism. Ciguatera Fish Poisoning, it risks to new target environments, trophic transfer, human health and socioeconomic impacts to recreational and commercial fisheries. Anthropogenic pollutant such as microplastics, using of human antibiotics in prawn farming, using of pesticides in fresh water body, and impact of heavy metal in fresh water body to river and marine biodiversity and human community.

  • 3. Sustainable Fisheries

Facilitated by Dr. Michael Bell

He explained that Fisheries are important for food, employment, recreation, trade, ecosystems, and socio-economic well-being; The definining a sustainable fisheries; The national and international policy about sustainable fisheries; and the principal and criteria for sustainable fishing by identified and managing main target species, research on inshore fisheries, making stock assessment, and biological study . we visited the crab and lobster pond to study about sustainable fishing and conservation of wildlife stock.

  • 4. Planning for Marine Invasive and Non-Native Species

Facilitated by Dr. Joanne S Porter

She explained about what marine invasive and non-native species (INNS) is, the strategy for dealing with INNS, biosecurity planning in the marine environment, and the future consideration.  We visited marina to see and study the diversity of INNS that exist in Orkney bay.


Group 3 Summary:

Today we are visit Ness Battery to view rocky shore communities and field techniques. Mr. Andrew White explain that the diversity of estuarine are depend on abiotic factor such as salinity, temperature, drying, height, substrate, tide timing and latitude. Deep latitude gave high energy, while shallow latitude gave less energy. After that we went to Warehouse building for workshop. The discussion is about biodiversity of marine ecosystem. There are coral reef, mangrove, seagrass, kelp and maerl beds.

We meet Dr. Angela Capper that explains about seafood security and discuss about fish poisoning that the occurrence are related to algae blooming, plastic waste and other pollutions.  The anthropogenic pollutant consists of microplastic, heavy Metals, antibiotics, and pesticides. The microplastics that got in fish digestive system are accumulated until the top consumer. Next workshop is about sustainable fisheries that explained by Michael Bell. The topics are principles of sustainable fisheries, science in support of sustainable fishery management, Orkney case study and discussing fishery in Indonesia. The last workshop is Biosecurity by Dr. Joanne S. Porter. Biosecurity is produces or measures designed to protect the population against harmful biological or biochemical substancies. Therefore we need to know/identify the native species, characteristic of biology and ecology. There also so many species that have important rule in ecosystem, but have negative effect to human importance. For example is the barnacle that attached in harbor construction and ships.


Group 4 Summary: ICIT Workshops with LIPI Researchers (Workshop 4-7)

October 11th 2016
Orkney Islands, Scotland

In the morning, we visited to rocky shores around Ness Battery. In there, we met Mr. Andrew Want and Dr. Michael Bell. Mr. Andrew explained us about his research and communities in rocky shores. His main research is about the relationship between topography, energy, and biological communities. He also learning about the species that can be used as indicator species on the rocky shores communities. One of the criteria to be used as an indicator species is the species must be sensitive to environmental changes. Sensitive species usually have a narrow niche. Mr. Andrew also taught us about collection data technique in rocky shores. Collecting data used quadrat method, while calculate the abundance used SACFOR method.

After that, we went to Orkney Library and Archive to attend four workshops. Two workshops hosted by Mr Andrew Want and Dr. Angela Capper. Mr. Andrew explained about the studies that have been and are being conducted in the rocky shores, such as change in energy and temperature, indicator species, community level responses, etc. He also explained us about biotic and abiotic factors that may affect any community of rocky shores. Furthermore, Dr. Angela Capper talked about food security topic. She talked about marine chemical ecology with examples of Harmful Algal Bloom problem, seafood security with example of Ciguatera Fish Poisioning which can accumulate in humans, and variation of pollutants caused by humans such as microplastic, heavy metal, antibiotic, and pesticides.

In the afternoon, the workshop was continued by Dr. Michael Bell and Dr. Joanna S. Porter. Dr. Mike Bell delivered a presentation about Sustainable Fisheries. The quality of all fisheries products in Scotland are controlled by Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). The three principles of the MSC are: Sustainable fish stock, minimizing environmental impacts, and effective management. We also had a chance to visit lobster pond in Stromness. Dr. Mike Bell and the pond keeper explained about the characteristics of the male and female lobster and brown crab. Dr. Joanna S. Porter presented her workshop about Planning for Marine Invasive and Non Native Species, including these materials: Definition of Invasive and non-native species, Strategies, biosecurity planning, and future considerations. Dr. Joanne showed us some examples of biosecurity planning documents. In the end of the last workshop session, Dr. Joanne took us to marina to observe some native and non-native species in Orkney, such as kelps, lumpsucker, green macroalgae, etc. and also some examples of biofouling.


Group 5 Summary Report


  • 1. Visit to Ness Point with Mr. Andrew Want, Dr. Mike Bell, Peter Long

Discussions detection of the ecological effects on a rocky shores with Mr. Andrew Want.

Of visits made us look ecosystem rocky shores located around the machine installation tidal power plant. Besides host Andrew Want to show the methods of research conducted to determine the effects of exposure to ecologi energy.


  • 2. Workshop Topic 1: Marine Energy Resources.

Location: Warehouse Building, Stromness

Speaker Mr. Andrew Want

Andrew Want to share information about the factors that play a role in ecologi rocky shores, rocky shores ecologi constituent species, the impact of changes in ecosystems, research conducted to determine changes in the ecosystem and also on indicators of changes ecosistem rocky shores.


  • 3. Workshop Topic 2 : Seafood security

Location: Warehouse Building, Stromness

Speaker Dr. Angela Capper

Dr Angela Capper to share information about on the influence of human activities which could adversely impact fish consumed and other species such as sea turtles. besides we also explain about the effect of microorganisms that cause the fish unfit for human consumption and also the strategies undertaken to address the safety of seafood.


  • 4. Workshop Topic 3 : Sustainable fisheries

Location: Warehouse Building, Stromness

Speaker Dr. Mike Bell

Dr. Mike Bell share what are there principles of fishery sustainability, and how can we apply in Indonesia. after exposure of the material and the discussion we visited lobster ponds to see research activities such as sampling and discussions with researchers in lobster ponds.


  • 5. Workshop Topic 4 : Biosecurity

Location: Warehouse Building, Stromness

Specker by Dr. Joane Porter and Mr. Andrew Want

Dr. Joane share about how do non-native species impact upon biodiversity, how do they spread, and what actions are need to avoid and mitigate any impacts. After receipt of material and discussion in the classroom, we visited Stromess marina to see some examples of species of native and non-native that lives in the waters of scotland.